Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria
The purpose of the Global Fund is to attract, manage and disburse resources to fight AIDS, TB and malaria. They do not implement programmes directly, relying instead on the knowledge of local experts. As a financing mechanism, the Global Fund works closely with other multilateral and bilateral organizations involved in health and development issues to ensure that newly funded programs are coordinated with existing ones.
Country Coordinating Mechanisms (CCM)
CCMs develop and submit grant proposals to the Global Fund based on priority needs at the national level. After grant approval, they oversee progress during implementation. CCMs include representatives from both the public and private sectors, including governments, multilateral or bilateral agencies, non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, private businesses and people living with the diseases. For each grant, the CCM nominates one or a few public or private organizations to serve as Principal Recipient. See 'Guides to advocacy' for information about getting involved in the CCMs.
The World Health Organisation (WHO)
WHO is the United Nations Specialised agency for health.
Key initiative (with UNAIDS): 3 by 5 - 3 million people on ARVs by 2005 around the world.
To address this emergency, WHO, UNAIDS and other partners developed a detailed strategy to provide antiretroviral therapy to 3 million, by the end of 2005. This is a means to achieving the goal of universal access to ART for all who need it, and a way to complement and accelerate prevention efforts. By publishing a detailed strategy to reach 3by 5 targets the partner organizations aimed at simplified global standard antiretroviral (ARV) treatment regimens, improved access to quality medicines and diagnostics needed for ARV treatment. Also included surveillance of drug resistance to capture the full impact of antiretroviral therapy.
However, ICW believes that the 3 by 5 initiative largely left gender to chance despite a commitment to ensure that at least 50% of the 3 million are women.
ICW response to WHO HIV Department 3x5 Update (June 2005)
ICW Response to 3 by 5 Progress Report -Equal numbers does not mean equal access (January 2005)
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
UNAIDS is the main advocate for global action on the epidemic. It leads, strengthens and supports an expanded response aimed at preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS, and alleviating the impact of the epidemic. List of UNAIDS Country Coordinators in PDF format or get a copy by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS (GCWA)
The GCWA is a worldwide alliance of civil society groups, networks of women with HIV and AIDS, governments and UN organizations. The Coalition works at global, regional and national levels to highlight the impact of AIDS on women and girls and mobilize actions to enable them to protect themselves from HIV and receive the care and support they need. ICW is now the co-convening agency (with WHO) for the treatment and care arm of the Global Coalition on Women and AIDS.
The G8 stands for the 'Group of Eight' nations. It began in 1975 when President Giscard d'Estaing of France invited the leaders of Japan, the USA, Germany, the United Kingdom and Italy to Rambouillet, near Paris, to discuss the economic problems of the day. The group expanded to include Canada in 1976 and Russia in 1998. The G8 does not have a fixed structure or a permanent administration. It is up to the country that has the Presidency to set the agenda and organise the annual G8 Summit. At the Summit, the leaders of the eight member countries discuss major issues of the day. They seek to reach informal agreements on measures that they can take individually, but in a cooperative manner, to achieve their goals more effectively. At each Summit, leaders agree upon certain initiatives; there are follow-up meetings throughout the year to make sure commitments are being honoured. The UK held the presidency in 2005 and Russia holds the presidency in 2006.
'Women, HIV and a fairy tale: 8 requests for the G8...' presentation by Alice Welbourn at the UK House of Commons: APPGA, 2005